What is a means-tested program?A government policy that applies to people based on whether they qualify according to a quantitative measure, such as income level.
What is Medicaid?A government program, co-funded by the federal government and state governments, that provides basic health insurance to the poor.
What is Medicare?A federal government program that provides basic health insurance to the elderly.
What is the No Child Left Behind Act?A federal policy established in 2001 that links education funding levels to learning standards for states and local school districts.

What is social policy?Government actions intended to provide a basic level of assistance with income, safety, education, housing, and health care for certain categories of people at risk.
What is Social Security?A federal government program that provides basic income assistance to retired elderly people and the disabled.
What is the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP)?A federal government program that provides coupons for poor people to buy food, formerly known as the Food Stamp program.
What is Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)?A federal government program that provides temporary income assistance to the poor.

What is the welfare state?The programs of the government devoted to social policies.
What is domestic policy?Public plans or courses of action that concern internal issues of national importance, such as poverty, health care, and the environment.
What is the earned income tax credit (EITC) program?A government program that helps low-income workers by giving back part or all of their Social Security taxes.
What is energy policy?Laws concerned with how much energy is needed and used.

What is an environmental impact statement (EIS)?A report that must show the costs and benefits of major federal actions that could significantly affect the quality of the environment.
What are food stamps?Benefits issued by the federal government to low-income individuals to be used for the purchase of food; originally provided as coupons, but now typically provided electronically through a card similar to a debit card.
What is an in-kind subsidy?The phrase ''in-kind'' means provided in a form other than money. Typical in-kind benefits provided by governments are subsidized housing, specific infrastructure (like a road servicing a single mine or factory), the services required to maintain that infrastructure, and various services to help exporters.
What is an income transfer?A transfer of income from some individuals in the economy to others, generally by government action.

What is national health insurance?A plan under which the government provides basic health care coverage to all citizens. Most such plans are funded by taxes on wages or salaries.
What is a single-payer plan?A plan under which one entity has a monopoly on issuing a particular type of insurance. Typically, the entity is the government, and the insurance is basic health coverage.
What is Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?A federal program established to provide assistance to elderly persons and persons with disabilities.
Define sustainability.Achieving a balance between society and nature that will permit both to exist in harmony.