What is the Bush Doctrine?An approach to American foreign policy developed during the George W. Bush administration that advocates preventing terrorism through active intervention in foreign countries, including pressuring or even invading foreign countries and using military force against terrorists where they live and train; the doctrine also advocates maintaining a stronger military than any other country.
What is the Democratic peace?The observation that historically it has been extremely rare for democracies to fight wars against other democracies.
What is Diplomacy?Peaceful negotiations and interactions among countries.
What is foreign policy?Government actions affecting a country's relationships with other countries.

What is Idealism?A philosophy about international politics based on the assumption that countries have common interests and can work effectively together, often through international organizations. Also known as liberalism.
What is internationalism?An approach to foreign policy that advocates for a country to engage actively with other countries and to become involved in international organizations.
What is isolationism?An approach to foreign policy that advocates for a country to stay out of international affairs.
What is a military action?The organized use of deadly force by a government.

What was the Monroe Doctrine?Enunciated in 1823 by President James Monroe, the notion that the United States could claim the entire Western Hemisphere as its exclusive sphere of influence.
What is realism?A philosophy about international politics based on the assumption that countries primarily seek to increase their own power relative to other countries.
What is soft power?The use of nonmilitary pressure, such as economic sanctions, diplomatic isolation, or public shaming, against another country.
What is the War Powers Act?Legislation passed in 1973 requiring the president to notify Congress and seek its approval within 48 hours after ordering military action.

What is the attentive public?That portion of the general public that pays attention to policy issues.
What was the Cold War?The ideological, political, and economic confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union following World War II.
What was containment?A U.S. diplomatic policy adopted by the Truman administration to contain communist power within its existing boundaries.
What was d'etente?A French word meaning a relaxation of tensions. The term characterized U.S.-Soviet relations as they developed under President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

What is defense policy?A subset of national security policies having to do with the U.S. armed forces.
What is economic aid?Assistance to other nations in the form of grants, loans, or credits to buy the assisting nation
What is an expansionist policy?A policy that embraces the extension of American borders as far as possible.
What is the foreign policy process?The steps by which foreign policy goals are decided and acted on.

What is the intelligence community?The government agencies that gather information about the capabilities and intentions of foreign governments or that engage in covert actions.
What was the iron curtain?The term used to describe the division of Europe between the Soviet bloc and the West; coined by Winston Churchill.
What is an isolationist foreign policy?A policy of abstaining from an active role in international affairs or alliances, which characterized U.S. foreign policy toward Europe during most of the 1800s.
What is the military-industrial complex?The mutually beneficial relationship between the armed forces and defense contractors.

What is a moralist foreign policy?A foreign policy based on values and moral beliefs.
What is national security policy?Foreign and domestic policy designed to protect the nation
What are negative constituents?Citizens who openly oppose the government
What is Normal Trade Relations (NTR) status?A status granted through an international treaty by which each member nation must treat other members at least as well as it treats the country that receives its most favorable treatment. This status was formerly known as most-favored nation status.

What is preemptive war?A military engagement fought to stop an enemy before that enemy attacks the United States.
What was the Soviet bloc?The Soviet Union and the Eastern European countries that installed communist regimes after World War II and were dominated by the Soviet Union.
What is the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I)?A treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union to stabilize the nuclear arms competition between the two countries. SALT I talks began in 1969, and agreements were signed on May 26, 1972.
What is technical assistance?The practice of sending experts in such areas as agriculture, engineering, or business to aid other nations.

What was the Truman Doctrine?The policy adopted by President Harry Truman in 1947 to halt communist expansion in southeastern Europe.